SWADESH DARSHAN SCHEME

CONTEXT:

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated and laid the foundation stone of multiple projects in Somnath,Gujarat today via video conferencing. The projects inaugurated include the Somnath Promenade, Somnath Exhibition Centre and reconstructed temple precinct of Old (Juna) Somnath.The Prime Minister also laid the foundation stone of Shree Parvati Temple during the event. Shri Lal Krishan Advani, Union Home Minister, along with CM and Deputy CM of Gujarat were present on the occasion.

The Prime Minister informed that Tourism Ministry is developing tourist circuits on 15 themes under SWADESH DARSHAN SCHEME, creating opportunities for tourism in neglected areas. Developments in hilly area like Kedarnath, tunnel and highways for Char Dhams, development work in Vaishnao Devi, high-tech infrastructure in the Northeast are bridging the distances. ‘The Country has moved from 65th place in 2013 on Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index to 34th place in 2019.

 

ABOUT THE SCHEME

It is a centre sector scheme and it was launched by ministry of tourism in 2014-15.

 Objective:

To develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country.These tourist circuits will be developed on the principles of high tourist value, competitiveness and sustainability in an integrated manner.

  • 15 thematic circuitshave been identified under the Swadesh Darshan for development.It was funded by ministry of tourism through central finance to state governments and UT’s for infrastructure development.
  • This scheme is envisioned to synergise with other schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Skill India, Make in India etc. with the idea of positioning the tourism sector as a major engine for job creation, the driving force for economic growth, building synergy with various sectors to enable tourism to realise its potential.

Definition of Tourist Circuit

  • Tourist Circuit is defined as a route having at least three major tourist destinations which are distinct and apart.
  • Circuits should have well defined entry and exit points. A tourist who enters should get motivated to visit most of the places identified in the circuit.
  • A Circuit could be confined to a State or could be a regional circuit covering more than one State/Union Territory. These circuits may have one dominant theme and other sub-themes.
  • Projects under the scheme shall be under the following identified themes; Ecotourism, Wildlife, Buddhist, Desert, Spiritual, Ramayana, Krishna, Coastal, Northeast, Rural, Himalayan, Tribal and Heritage.

The Ministry of Tourism, under the Swadesh Darshan scheme is developing thematic circuits in the country in planned and prioritized manner. Under the scheme fifteen thematic circuits have been identified for development namely; North-East Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Heritage Circuit, Sufi Circuit, and Tirthankara Circuit.

Features of Swadesh Darshan Scheme:

  1. 100% centrally fundedfor the project components undertaken for public funding.
  2. To leverage the voluntary funding available for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)initiatives of Central Public Sector Undertakings and corporate sector.
  3. Funding of individual project will varyfrom state to state and will be finalised on the basis of detailed project reports prepared by PMC (Programme Management Consultant). PMC will be a national level consultant to be appointed by the Mission Directorate.
  4. National Steering Committee (NSC)will be constituted with Minister in charge of M/O Tourism as Chairman, to steer the mission objectives and vision of the scheme.
  5. Mission Directorateheaded by the Member Secretary, NSC as a nodal officer will help in identification of projects in consultation with the States/ UTs governments and other stake holders.

 

DEFENCE INDIA STARTUP CHALLENGE 5.0

CONTEXT:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh launched Defence India Startup Challenge (DISC) 5.0 under Innovations for Defence Excellence – Defence Innovation Organisation (iDEX-DIO) through video conferencing on August 19, 2021. Thirty five Problem Statements – 13 from the Services and 22 from Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) – were unveiled under DISC 5.0.These are in areas such as Situational awareness, Augmented Reality, Artificial Intelligence, Aircraft-trainer, Non-lethal devices, 5G network, Under-water domain awareness, Drone SWARMS and Data Capturing. The Problem Statements, designed to ensure military advantage in the foreseeable future, are the highest in any edition,so far.

 

 

Objective:

  • To achieve self-reliance and foster innovation and technology development in the defence and aerospace sectors
  •  Some of the problem statements unveiled as part of the challenge pertains to- situational awareness, augmented reality, artificial intelligence etc

About iDEX

  • It is an initiative by the government to contribute towards modernization of the Defence Industry.
  • It was launched in 2018
  • It aims to promote innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace by engaging Industries; with particular focus on MSMEs, start-ups, individual innovators, R&D institutes & academia
  • It will be funded by Defence Innovation Organization (DIO), and will function as the executive arm of DIO.
  • DIO is a ‘not for profit’ company registered under the Companies Act 2013. Its two cou-founders are Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) & Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) – Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs).

 

RIGHT OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT 2016

CONTEXT:

The Centre has exempted posts under the Indian Police Service (IPS) from the mandated 4% reservation for persons with disabilities (PwD) in government jobs, a move that rights groups say goes against the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

On Wednesday, the Social Justice Ministry issued a notification saying that Section 34 of the RPD Act, which provides for 4% reservation in jobs for PwD in government establishments, would not apply to all categories of posts of IPS, the Indian Railway Protection Force Service and the police forces of Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep and Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Right of Persons With Disabilities Act 2016

  • The Act replaces the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. It fulfills the obligations to the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to which India is a signatory.
  • According to the The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act, 2016, enacted on 28.12.2016 and came into force from 19.04.2017, Disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept.

Salient Features of the Act

Disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept.

The types of disabilities have been increased from existing 7 to 21 and the Central

Government will have the power to add more types of disabilities. The 21 disabilities are

given below:-

  1. Physical Disability

Locomotor Disability

  • Leprosy Cured Person
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Dwarfism
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Acid Attack Victims

Visual Impairment

  • Blindness
  • Low Vission

Hearing Impairment

  • Deaf
  • Hard of Hearing
  • Speech and Language Disability
  1. Intellectual Disability
  • Specific Learning Disabilities
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  1. Mental Behaviour (Mental Illness)
  2. Disability caused due to-
  • Chronic Neurological Conditions such as

-Multiple Sclerosis

-Parkinson’s Disease

  • Blood Disorder

-Haemophilia

-Thalassemia

-Sickle Cell Disease

  1. Multiple Disabilities
  • Persons with “benchmark disabilities” are defined as those certified to have at least 40 per cent of the disabilities specified above

 

Rights And Entitlements

  • Responsibility has been cast upon the appropriate governments to take effective measures to ensure that the persons with disabilities enjoy their rights equally with others.
  • Additional benefits such as reservation in higher education (not less than 5%), government jobs (not less than 4 %), reservation in allocation of land, poverty alleviation schemes (5% allotment) etc. have been provided for persons with benchmark disabilities and those with high support needs.
  • Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
  • Government funded educational institutions as well as the government recognized institutions will have to provide inclusive education to the children with disabilities.
  • For strengthening the Prime Minister’s Accessible India Campaign, stress has been given to ensure accessibility in public buildings (both Government and private) in a prescribed time-frame.

Guardianship

  • The Act provides for grant of guardianship by District Court under which there will be joint decision – making between the guardian and the persons with disabilities.

Establishment Of Authorities

  • Broad based Central & State Advisory Boards on Disability are to be set up to serve as apex policy making bodies at the Central and State level.
  • Office of Chief Commissioner of Persons with Disabilities has been strengthened who will now be assisted by 2 Commissioners and an Advisory Committee comprising of not more than 11 members drawn from experts in various disabilities.
  • Similarly, the office of State Commissioners of Disabilities has been strengthened who will be assisted by an Advisory Committee comprising of not more than 5 members drawn from experts in various disabilities.
  • The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities and the State Commissioners will act as regulatory bodies and Grievance Redressal agencies and also monitor implementation of the Act.
  • District level committees will be constituted by the State Governments to address local concerns of PwDs. Details of their constitution and the functions of such committees would be prescribed by the State Governments in the rules.
  • Creation of National and State Fund will be created to provide financial support to the persons with disabilities. The existing National Fund for Persons with Disabilities and the Trust Fund for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities will be subsumed with the National Fund.

Penalties For Offences

  • The Act provides for penalties for offences committed against persons with disabilities and also violation of the provisions of the new law.
  • Any person who violates provisions of the Act, or any rule or regulation made under it, shall be punishable with imprisonment up to six months and/ or a fine of Rs 10,000, or both. For any subsequent violation, imprisonment of up to two years and/or a fine of Rs 50,000 to Rs five lakh can be awarded.
  • Whoever intentionally insults or intimidates a person with disability, or sexually exploits a woman or child with disability, shall be punishable with imprisonment between six months to five years and fine.
  • Special Courts will be designated in each district to handle cases concerning violation of rights of PwDs.

 

 

 

JABLPUR- DELHI ROUTE

CONTEXT:

Union Minister of Civil Aviation, Shri. Jyotiraditya M. Scindia and MoS, Civil Aviation, General (Dr.) VK Singh(Retd.) along with Secretary, Ministry of Civil Aviation, Shri Pradeep Kharola, virtually flagged off the IndiGo flightfor Jabalpur – Delhi sector today.

These direct connections are aimed to enhance trade and commerce while also boost tourism in Jabalpur, especially at this time when Indians are increasingly looking towards domestic vacations and unexplored gems in the country

 

ABOUT JABALPUR

  • Jabalpur is one of themost significant cities of Madhya Pradesh, the city has the potential of many opportunities for various sectors
  • Identified as the cultural capital of Madhya Pradesh, Jabalpur is the divisional headquarters for eight districts: Jabalpur, Seoni, Mandla, Chhindwara, Narsinghpur, Katni, Dindori and Balaghat in Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the most valuable as well as developed cities of the state. Hanumantal Bada Jain Mandir, Jabalpur Madan Mahal, Dhuandhar Falls, Chausta -Yogini, Marble Rocks in Bhedaghat, Balancing rock near Madan Mahal Fort, Shiv Statue at Kachnar City, tiger reserves like Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, and Pench National Park invite visitors from all over the world. The city features rich history & also offers a sneak-peek into India’s heritage.
  • Jabalpur is the 69th domestic destination connected by M/s IndiGo airlines.