• The State Food Safety Index (SFSI) 2022- 2023 is released by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
  • It sheds light on the performance of Indian states in ensuring food safety.

What is the State Food Safety Index (SFSI)?

  • It is an annual evaluation that measures the performance of states and union territories on food safety.
  • The Index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model that provides an objective framework for evaluating food safety across all States/UTs.
  • It was started in 2018-19 to create a competitive and positive change in the food safety ecosystem in the country.




  • Sankaraiah is a freedom fighter, a veteran Marxist and a voracious reader. He spent eight years in jail during the independence movement and after the country became free. His participation in the freedom struggle disrupted his college education.
  • He was one of the founders of Madras Students organization and was elected Secretary of Madurai Students Union.
  • He became one of the founder members of the Communist Party of India (Marxist).
  • He was part of the leadership of All India Kisan Sabha.
  • He was the CPI(M) Tamil Nadu State Secretary from 1995 to 2002.
  • He was elected to Tamil Nadu legislative assembly.



 Why is in news?

  • The Indian government instructed “social media intermediaries” to remove morphed videos or deepfakes from their platforms within 24 hours of a complaint being filed.

What are deepfakes?

  • Deepfakes refers to videos, audios or images created using a form of artificial intelligence called deep learning.

How does deepfake technology work?

  • The technology involves modifying or creating images and videos using a machine learning technique called generative adversarial network (GAN).
  • The AI-driven software detects and learns the subjects’ movements and facial expressions from the source material and then duplicates these in another video or image.

What do laws in India say about deepfakes?

  • India’s IT Rules, 2021 require that all content reported to be fake or produced using deep fake be taken down by intermediary platforms within 36 hours.
  • The Indian IT ministry has also issued notices to social media platforms stating that impersonating online was illegal under Section 66D of the Information Technology Act of 2000. The IT Rules, 2021, also prohibit hosting any content that impersonates another person and requires social media firms to take down artificially morphed images when alerted.

Why do people create deepfake content?

  • The technology could potentially be used to incite political violence, sabotage elections, unsettle diplomatic relations, and spread misinformation.
  • This technology can also be used to humiliate and blackmail people or attack organisations by presenting false evidence.



  • The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”.
  • It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands.
  • It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran where it was signed on 2nd of February 1971.
  • The 2nd of February each year is World Wetlands Day.
  • As of 2023, the Total Ramsar sites in India are 75.
  • India signed the convention on February 1, 1982.


  • Tamil Nadu recorded the highest number of road accidents on its network of National Highways in 2022 with 64,105 accidents.
  • Tamil Nadu accounts 13.9% of all accidents that happened in the country in 2022.
  • It was followed by Madhya Pradesh.
  • The State retained its top position in 2022 for the fifth consecutive year. Tamil Nadu stood second when it came to number of fatalities due to road accidents with 10.6% of the total lives lost.